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How To Build a Liner Pond - Part II

At this stage in building your pond, you're ready to fill the hole with water. You should have placed your pump and filter system where they are to go with enough of the lines (tubing and electric) nearby so that if you can remove the pump and pre-filter, if you are using one. As it fills, the liner will be pulled into the hole, filling the voids, so if you have some sides shorter than others, place stones along these edges, allowing the liner to be pulled into the hole from the other sides.

It is best, once filled, to let the garden pond sit for an hour or even over-night, to be absolutely certain there are no leaks. Finding a leak in a pond covered over with stone is a nightmare you don't want to experience. Mark the water level before you leave, then note if there is any decline. Once you are convinced the integrity of the liner has not been compromised, you can begin the real work - making the water garden look good and for this you will want to drain the pond.

You see where the edges of your pond are going to be and there is a real temptation to cut off the excess liner. Don’t. Many a garden pond builder as been absolutely certain where the pond should end, cut away the liner and later regretted it. Let the last thing you do be the removal of what you will then know beyond all doubt is excess liner - and even then don’t do it. Bury it instead, for potential future use.

 Construction details for a back yard pond with liner

 Backyard pond with a liner and stones


STONING THE POND

The following instructions are for placing stones in any natural garden pond:

  1. Once the pond is built and holds water, the aesthetic work of placing river stone begins. This will not look absolutely natural simply because most ponds are not lined in stone, but it can look really good if the right stone are used and some sensitivity employed in their placement. The stones in the pond should be stones which are water worn, smooth with rounded edges, referred to as ‘river rock’ or ‘river flats’ or ‘river rounds’. The stones outside do not need to be water worn but should not be too dissimilar from the river rocks. Use larger stones against the vertical surfaces, smaller stone and river pebbles on the horizontal surface. Try not to stack them, but place them so the larger are on the bottom, naturally supporting smaller stone above. The combination of these varying sizes, along with the water and margin plants will help give a natural, pleasing look.

  2. Be sure to cover all unnatural elements, such as the cords, water-lines and pump and filter with the stones, with enough hose and electric line coiled with the pump and filter lifted from the garden pond for cleaning, if necessary. (But with a proper filtration system, this should not be necessary.)

  3. Another method for eliminating pots from your pond, besides having built in planters into the excavation, is to build them with the river rocks, cementing them together in pleasing shapes with 'waterproof' cement. These will blend into the pond bottom and sides. If you build them at different elevations they will provide excellent, permanent planting places for all your aquatics. Once the inside of the pond has been stoned you can make the outside of the pond look good with stone too but try to avoid the necklace of stones around the perimeter of the pond. If at all possible, extend the stone work to surrounding areas and build in planting pockets. You are next ready to build the waterfall, for which see Waterfalls.

 how to build a garden pond with a pond liner

 The pond shown above, here finished


 stone in the liner pond

 Stone in the pond

 completed backyard pond

 The above shown pond, here finished

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